Providing Healthcare in European Cities, cfrom the Middle Ages to the Early Nineteenth Century
Providing Healthcare in European Cities, from the Middle Ages to the Early Nineteenth Century
Main session call for papers proposal (M9) – European Association for Urban History (Prague, August 29-September 2012)
- Christelle Rabier, The London School of Economics firstname.lastname@example.org
- Philip Rieder, University of Geneva Philip.Rieder@unige.ch
- Patrick Wallis, The London School of Economics P.H.Wallis@lse.ac.uk
- Chloé Deligne, Université libre de Bruxelles Chloe.Deligne@ulb.ac.be
Call for sessions proposal
How did the structures and form of provision of medical services develop in European cities from the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century? In what ways did the demand for medical services among the population change? And how did the distinctive characteristics of urban settings and individual cities shape the ways in which healthcare was provided to their inhabitants? Cities have long been recognised as nodal points in medical systems, containing concentrations of practitioners, medical institutions, and training alongside high numbers of sick inhabitants. However, recent work on healthcare has begun to reveal radical changes in the supply and demand for medical services in some parts of early modern Europe. These changes were intertwined with developments in international and local trade systems, consumption patterns and welfare institutions, including poor relief and hospitals. The aim of this session is to identify and explore those changes in healthcare provision that occurred in cities, with a view to uncovering the distinctive trajectory of systems of healthcare in urban contexts, cities’ roles as centres of trade and production of medical goods and services, and city inhabitants’ evolving patterns of engagement with commercial, state and community suppliers of medical care. We are particularly interested in papers that develop new methodologies or explore new sources for analysing medical provision, with a view to offer new comparative perspectives. Papers may focus across the full array of medical provision, from assistance and hospital care to individual transactions between individuals and their social groups and practitioners.
- Measuring healthcare over time: how can historians measure levels of healthcare provision within the city, whether at an individual or institutional level, within the household or an hospital?
- Urban geographies of healthcare provision: how was healthcare organized within the city? What was the city’s role in providing healthcare to its hinterland? What role did cities play in redistributing medical services and commodities, such as drugs globally traded and locally retailed?
- Urban healthcare providers: shifts in who provided medical services in cities, how their work was organised, and the services and commodities that were provided?
- The urban sick: how did patients’ demands for medicine change over time? How was demand shaped by wealth, age and gender?
- Institutional healthcare provision: how did city regulation and provision of healthcare develop? What were the role of smaller civic groups and institutions, such as guilds or congregations in providing healthcare?
Submissions are to be made via the conference website, with copy to the organizers: